Models of Deafness

Medical model: 

Social model:

Cultural model:


Being "deaf" refers to individuals who tend to rely on auditory assistance devices, prefer to use spoken language, and tend to socialize more often with hearing people.


Being "Deaf" refers to members of Deaf culture.  These people use sign language and share similar beliefs, values, customs and experiences.  They often prefer to socialize with culturally Deaf people. 

**Moving forward, everything included in the website will be using the social & cultural model perspective**

Sources/Learn More

Leigh, Irene W., et al. Deaf Culture: Exploring Deaf Communities in the United States. Plural Publishing, 2022.

“Models of Deafness.” Deaf Websites,